Alexander Frid
 
 
Author                                                                                                                              
 

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Van Le

 

Van Le first got involved in research through the Psychology Honors Program. This project attracted her because it gave her the opportunity to interact with children, whose eagerness to participate made this project a very "personal experience."  Van hopes to pursue a Ph.D., focusing on computer languages that are similar to natural languages.   She advises other students to do their homework and find a professor who has expertise and resources in the student's field of interest.triangle.gif (504 bytes)

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Abstract                                                                                                                           
 

Phoneme awareness, the ability to count or otherwise manipulate consonants and vowels, has been documented as predictive of reading ability.  The study's concern with phoneme awareness was threefold: 1) to confirm its relatedness to reading ability, 2) to compare its extent among monolinguals and bilinguals, and 3) to examine its transfer between languages. The participants were 52 first graders who were either English or Spanish monolingual or Spanish-English bilingual. As predicted, there was an association between phoneme awareness and English reading ability.  This also held true for both English and Spanish tests of phoneme awareness.  Contrary to the predictions, there was no overall advantage of either bilingualism or monolingualism.  However, there was consistent evidence of cross-language transfer.  While English speakers did better on English versions, and Spanish speakers on Spanish versions, a correlation was also found between performance between the two languages.triangle.gif (504 bytes)

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Faculty Mentor                                                                                                                
 
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Virginia Mann

School of Social Sciences

Van Le's research concerns one of the most essential determinants of early reading skill.   That skill, referred to as "phoneme awareness" allows children to realize that spoken words can be broken down into the consonant- and vowel-sized units that the letters of the alphabet "stand for."  Van made two important discoveries about phoneme awareness: 1) that Spanish-speaking children's awareness of phonemes in Spanish words can promote their awareness of phonemes in English words, and 2) that bilingualism has neither a positive nor a negative impact on the development of phoneme awareness.  It was a pleasure to see her research project develop from office hour discussions about the literature to a mature and polished contribution to the field.triangle.gif (504 bytes)

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Van Thanh Le - Cross-Language Trasnfer of Phonemic Awareness in... [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]


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